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Al-Jurjani, ‘Abd al-Qahir (d. 471/1078 or 474/1081)

Sevket Yavuz

and

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...‘Abd al-Qahir Abu Bakr b. ‘Abd al-Rahman Majd al-Din al-Jurjani was born and raised in Jurjan and died in 471/1078 or 474/1081 in the same city. Though information about his life and his time is very limited, it is clear that he...
...Khayyam, Omar ibn Sina ibn al-‘Arabi, Muhyiddin ‘Abd al-Razzaq b. Ali b. Husayn Gilani al-Lahiji was one of the major scholars of the late Safavid period. Little is known of his life other than the fact that he was a student and son-in-law...
...Mulla ‘Abd Allah Zunuzi Tabrizi Mulla ‘Abd Allah Zunuzi Tabrizi was a famous exponent of the school of Mulla Sadra in nineteenth-century Qajar Iran. He was a student of Mulla ‘Ali Nuri, another famous philosopher of the period. According...

Al-Marwazi, al-Husayn ibn ‘Ali (d. after 306/918)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...Suhrawardi, Shihab al-Din al-Marwazi, Al-Husayn ibn ‘Ali al-Mardini, Fakhraddin ibn Sina al-Balkhi, Abu Zayd The amir al-Husayn ibn ‘Ali al-Marwazi was a powerful supporter of the Isma‘ili movement, and he eventually became the chief da‘i...
...One of the most well-known philosophers and teachers of his time, Aqa ‘Ali Mudarris was born in 1818. He received his early education from his father Mulla Abd Allah Mudarris, who was a prominent teacher. He studied Arabic, logic, kalam ,...

Mutahhari, Murtaza (1920–79)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...Mutahhari was born in Fariman, Khorasan province, in Iran on February 2, 1920, and spent his life in the educational system, leaving Mashshad in 1937 for Qom. There he worked with some of the main theological Tabataba’i, ‘Allamah Sayyid...
...Abu’l Ma‘ali Rukn al-Din ‘Abd al-Malik b. ‘Abd Allah was born in the village of Bushtanikan near Nishapur on Muharram 18, 419/February 17, 1028, and died in the same village on Rabi‘ al-Thani 25, 478/August 20, 1085. He was an important...

Mir Damad (950–1041/1543–1631)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Biographical Entry

...Mir Burhan al-Din Muhammad Baqir Astarabadi, later known as Damad, was born into a distinguished family. His father Mir Shams al-Din was the son-in-law of the famous Safavid Shi‘i thinker ‘Ali ibn ‘Abd al-‘Ali, and the title “Damad...
...Our knowledge about the life of Jurjani is rather sparse. We know his family was originally from Astarabad and that he was born in Gurgan in 740/1339. His contemporaries referred to him as Mir Sayyid Sharif Jurjani. He was a contemporary...
...Abu’l Fath Omar ibn Ibrahim Khayyam, known as Omar Khayyam (or Khayyami), was a Persian philosopher, astronomer, and mathematician of the twelfth century. Known for his quatrains (Ruba‘iyyat), he was born around 1048 and died around 1122....