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Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Philosophers features critical biographies of individuals who have contributed to the history of intellectual thought.

Growing each year, it currently includes over 6,500  philosophers, politicians, mathematicians, poets, economists, and scientists from North America, Britain, Ireland, and the Middle East.

New in 2019: 1,000 German, Dutch, and French thinkers 

Maurice O’Connor Drury


Maurice O’Connor Drury (1907–1976)

Born in Wiltshire of Irish parents, Con Drury’s accounts of his friendship with Ludwig Wittgenstein are widely cited. Their association began in Cambridge in 1929 and continued until Wittgenstein’s death in 1951. Influenced by Wittgenstein, Drury abandoned preparations for ordination in the Anglican Church and took up studies in medicine in Dublin. He served in the Royal Army Medical Corps during World War II and afterwards returned to Ireland to specialise in psychiatry. He retained a deep interest in philosophy as evident in his extant correspondence with Rush Rhees, Wittgenstein’s literary executor, with whom he shared a special interest in religion. Drury’s book, The Danger of Words (1973), shines a Wittgensteinian light on the practice of medicine – psychiatry in particular. Read more.