Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Philosophers - Home


Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Philosophers features critical biographies of individuals who have contributed to the history of intellectual thought.

Growing each year, it currently includes over 6,500  philosophers, politicians, mathematicians, poets, economists, and scientists from North America, Britain, Ireland, and the Middle East.

New in 2019: 1,000 German, Dutch, and French thinkers 

Maurice O’Connor Drury


John Ruskin (1819–1900)

Ruskin’s contributions to political economy were offered at a time when market capitalism had acquired a hegemonic status, delivering substantial and rapid economic progress. But Ruskin refused to accept the measures of economic success purveyed by contemporary economic orthodoxy. For Ruskin, success lay not in maximizing the rate of economic growth or amassing material possessions. It was about ‘the producing of as many as possible, full-breathed, bright-eyed and happy-hearted human creatures’.
Read more about John Ruskin here.