Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Philosophers - Home


Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Philosophers features critical biographies of individuals who have contributed to the history of intellectual thought.

Growing each year, it currently includes over 8,000 thinkers from North America, Britain, Ireland, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and the Middle East.

John Ruskin


Modern European Thinkers

Philosophical figures during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries boldly investigated human nature, the natural world, morality, and religion. René Descartes and Immanuel Kant stand as “modern” giants at the beginning and end of this age. They also stand in agreement that we are more than natural creatures, and that it is our rationality that enables us to be moral persons. But many thinkers sought a closer relationship with nature. 
Read more about Modern European Thinkers and view entries here.