Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Philosophers features critical biographies of individuals who have contributed to the history of intellectual thought.

Growing each year, it currently includes over 8,000 thinkers from North America, Britain, Ireland, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and the Middle East.

Mary Warnock


Dorothea Erxleben

Although educated and trained in medicine, Dorothea Erxleben found herself unable to gain a formal qualification to practice medicine on the simple basis that she was a woman. Frustrated, she wrote down her thoughts on the exclusion of women from schools and universities. Subsequently published as a book in 1742, the work became one of the most significant pieces of Enlightenment feminist theory. Erxleben went on to pass all of her exams and received her doctorate in medicine becoming the first female medical doctor in the German states.