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Ibn Abi Usaybi‘a, Muwaffaq al-Din (c. 590–668/c. 1194–1270)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...Muwaffaq al-Din Abu al-‘Abbas Ahmad ibn Abi Usaybi‘a was a physician based in Damascus, and also in Cairo. He wrote an important text, the ‘Uyun al-anba’, a compilation of 380 biographies of Islamic and classical physicians...

Al-Shirazi, Qutb al-Din (634–710/1236–1311)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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... commentators. ibn SinaBibliography Further Reading Cooper J. , “From al-Tusi to the School of Isfahan,” in S. H. Nasr and O. Leaman (eds), History of Islamic Philosophy, ch. 33, London : Routledge, 1996, pp. 585–96 . Walbridge J. , The Science...

Mir Fath Allah Shirazi (d. 998/1590)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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... important commentaries on many of their works.Bibliography Further Reading Khan A. , “India,” in S. H. Nasr and O. Leaman (eds), History of Islamic Philosophy, ch. 62, London : Routledge, 1996, pp. 1051–75 ....

Shah Muhammad (992–1072/1584–1661)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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2

...Shah Muhammad Shah Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Ahmad was born in Arkasa, in Badakhshan, and spent his first two decades there. He then moved to Balkh and Kabul in search of a shaykh , ending up in Lahore in 1023/1614–15, when he met and was impressed...

Ibn Al-Daya, Ahmad Ibn Yusuf (third/ninth century)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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2

...Ahmad ibn Yusuf ibn Ibrahim Abu Ja‘far came from an important political family based in Baghdad that later moved to Fustat in Cairo when their fortunes went into something of a decline. Ibn al-Daya worked on astronomy and philosophy. Few...

Ibn Rushd, Abu al-Walid Muhammad ibn Ahmad (520–95/1126–98)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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4

... Occasionalism and Its Critique by Averroes and Aquinas , London : Allen & Unwin, 1958. Kogan Barry , Averroes and the Metaphysics of Causation , Albany : State University of New York Press, 1985. Leaman Oliver , “Was Averroes an Averroist?,” in F....

Al-Iji, ‘Adud al-Din (c.700–756/c.1300–55)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...‘Adud al-Din al-Iji al-Iji was born at Ij, near Shiraz, where he served as qadi and teacher. His main work was on kalam , Islamic theology, and his efforts here are noted for their systematization of the genre. Al-Iji produced a commentary...

Ashtiyani, Mirza Mahdi (1306–72/1888–1952)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...Ashtiyani Ashtiyani was born in Tehran in 1306/1888 and was first educated by his father in the religious sciences. He also studied medicine and mathematics, and went on to further training in Iraq in theology and jurisprudence with Sayyid...

Miskawayh, Ahmad ibn Muhammad Ahmad ibn Muhammad (c. 320–421/c.932–1030)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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... 1982. Fakhry M. , “The Platonism of Miskawayh and its Implications for his Ethics,” Studia Islamica, 43 (1975), pp. 39–57 . Goodman L. , “Friendship in Aristotle, Miskawayh and al-Ghazali,” in O. Leaman (ed.), Friendship East and West:...

Al-Marwazi, al-Husayn ibn ‘Ali (d. after 306/918)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...Suhrawardi, Shihab al-Din al-Marwazi, Al-Husayn ibn ‘Ali al-Mardini, Fakhraddin ibn Sina al-Balkhi, Abu Zayd The amir al-Husayn ibn ‘Ali al-Marwazi was a powerful supporter of the Isma‘ili movement, and he eventually became the chief da‘i...