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...Abu’l-‘Abbas ibn Muhammad ibn al-Mahdi ibn ‘Abidja or ‘Ajiba al-Hasani was born in the village of al-Khamis on the Moroccan coast. His early education was in the Islamic sciences. He then moved to Tetuan to work with ‘Abd al-Karim ibn...
...Wali al-Din Abu Zayd ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Muhammad b. Muhammad b. Abu Bakr Muhammad b. al-Hasan, known as Ibn Khaldun, was born in Tunis on 1 Ramadan 732/May 27, 1332, into an Arab family, claimed to be originally from the Hadramawt, whose...
...al-Nu‘man, al-Qadi ibn Hanbal, Ahmad The foremost Isma‘ili jurist and founder of Isma‘ili jurisprudence, Abu Hanifa Abu Hanifa al-Nu‘man b. Muhammad al-Tamimi, better known as al-Qadi al-Nu‘man, was born around 290/903 into a learned family...
...Lahbabi, Muhammad Aziz The Moroccan writer and philosopher Lahbabi was born in Fez. He received his academic education in Paris. His doctoral dissertation was published in two volumes as De l’être à la personne (From Being to Person, 1954...
...Abu’l Hasan ‘Ali ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar al-Shadhili was born in Ghumara in Morocco, in the Rif area of the Atlas mountains, of distinguished ancestry. He had a traditional religious education and quite quickly indicated an interest in Sufism...
...ibn Tufayl, Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Sina ibn Rushd, Abu al-Walid Muhammad ibn Bajja, Abu Bakr al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid al-Farabi Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Malik Ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Tufayl al-Qaysi was born in the first decade...
...Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Yahya b. al-Sa’igh al-Tujibi al-Sarakusti, generally known as Ibn Bajja or Avempace, was a philosopher, scientist, musician, and poet. While the source of the designation Ibn al-Bajja is not known, Ibn Sa’igh means...
...Abu’l-Hakam ‘Abd al-Salam ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Lakhmi ibn Barrajan was born in North Africa and spent some time teaching in Seville. Committed to mysticism, he soon fell foul of the Almoravid authorities...
...Abu’l ‘Abbas Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Musa ibn ‘Ata’ Allah al-Sahaj ibn al-‘Arif ibn al-‘Arif was born on 2 Jumada al-Awwal 481/Monday July 24, 1088, dying in Marrakesh on 23 Safar 536/September 27, 1141. His laqab comes from his father, who...
...Abu al-Walid Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Rushd is one of the most outstanding Islamic philosophers. He was born in Cordoba into an important local family (his grandfather in particular was well known for his legal expertise) and he played...