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...al-Jilani, ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Harawi, ‘Abdullah Ansari Born in Naif in the Persian province of Gilan, south of the Caspian Sea, in 470/1077, ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani was the eponymous founder of one of the earliest Sufi tariqat (from tariqa...

Al-Razi, Fakhr al-Din (543–606/1149–1209)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...Abu ‘Abd Allah Muhammad ibn ‘Umar ibn al-Husayn, more often known as Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, was born at Rayy in Iran. His early education was carried out by his father who was an educated man and brought up his son within the Shafi‘i...
...The famous Ottoman biographer and scholar Abu’l-Khayr Isam al-Din Ahmad b. Mustafa b. Khalil, known commonly as Taşköprüzade, was born in Bursa, Turkey. He belongs to the famous Taşköprü family of teachers and historians hailing from...

Al-Suhrawardi, Abu’l Najib (c. 490–563/c. 1097–1168)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...Abu’l Najib ‘Abd al-Qahir ibn ‘Abd Allah al-Bakri al-Suhrawardi was born in Suhraward, and moved early on to Baghdad to continue his education.247khirka from his uncle ‘Umar ibn Muhammad (d. 532/1137–8), who was himself an important figure...
...Yanyalı Esat b. Ali b. Osman Efendi was born in the Epirus region of northwestern Greece. He received his early education in Yanya and Istanbul. He learned Arabic, Persian, French, Greek, and Latin. He was appointed a professor at the Eyüp...
...Abu Ya‘qub Ishaq ibn Ahmad Sijistani was by some accounts the leading philosopher Nasir i-Khusraw ibn Sina al-Farabi of the early period of Isma‘ili intellectual thought in Persia.241Jami‘ al-tawarikh. He has been referred to by a variety...

Al-Mubarrad, Abu’l ‘Abbas (d. c. 286/900)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...Al-Mubarrad was born in Basra in 210/826, or perhaps earlier, and was a participant in the discussions over the nature of language, literature, and the Qur’an that were such hot topics at that time. In Basra he came into contact...
...‘Abd al-Jabbar b. Ahmad b. Khalil was born in Asadabad, a town in the southwest of Hamadan, probably around 325/937 and died in Rayy in 415/1025. He was one of the last great thinkers of the Mu‘tazilite school.‘Abd al-Jabbar’s father...
...Razi, Abu Hatim al-Qushayri, Abu’l-Qasim ibn Furak, Abu’l Hasan al-Baghdadi, Abu Mansur Abu Mansur ‘Abd al-Qahir b. Tahir b. Muhammad al-Tamimi al-Baghdadi was born in Baghdad. His date of birth is unknown. His first teacher was his father,...

Al-Baghdadi, ‘Abd al-Latif (557–629/1162–1231)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...‘Abd al-Latif al-Baghdadi, Muwaffaq al-Din Abu Muhammad b. Yusuf, also called Ibn al-Labbad, a versatile scholar and scientist, was born in Baghdad in 557/1162, and died there in 629/1231. In Baghdad he studied grammar, law, and tradition...