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...al-Naysaburi, Ahmad ibn Ibrahim A distinguished Shi‘i Isma‘ili scholar, Ahmad al-Naysaburi lived during the golden period of the Fatimid dynasty in Egypt. Very little personal information is available about al-Naysaburi, but his talent...

Husayn, Taha (1889–1973)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...Husayn, Taha Taha Husayn is best known for his contribution to Arabic literature, but he was a significant philosophical thinker also. Born in upper Egypt in 1889, from the age of two he went blind. He memorized the Qur’an and went to Cairo...
...ibn Khallikan, Ahmad ibn Muhammad Dhu’l nun al-Misri, Abu al-Fayd ʿAttar Thawban b. Ibrahim al-Misri was born in Ikhmim, the capital city of Copts in Upper Egypt, around 180/796 and died in Jiza in 245/859. He was an early major...

Al-Sha‘Arani, ‘Abd al-Wahhab ibn Ahmad (c. 898–973/c. 1493–1565)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...‘Abd al-Wahhab ibn Ahmad al- Sha‘arani Sha‘arani was a descendant, he says, of Musa Abu ‘Imran, the son of the sultan of Tlemcen and a follower of the Sufi shaykh Abu Madyan Shu‘ayb (d. 594/1197). The shaykh sent his ancestor to Egypt...

Al-Tahtawi, Rifa‘a Rafi‘ (1801–73)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...Born in Egypt in 1801, al-Tahtawi became a huge figure in the Islamic Renaissance (Nahda) movement. As his name suggests, he came from Tahta, from a modest background but with a claim to descent from the Prophet. He went to al-Azhar...

Al-Shadhili, Abu’l Hasan (c. 583–656/c. 1187–1258)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...Abu’l Hasan ‘Ali ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar al-Shadhili was born in Ghumara in Morocco, in the Rif area of the Atlas mountains, of distinguished ancestry. He had a traditional religious education and quite quickly indicated an interest in Sufism...

Al-‘Aqqad, ‘Abbas Mahmoud (1889–1964)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...‘Abbas Mahmoud al-‘Aqqad al-‘Aqqad was a writer, poet, historian, philosopher, journalist, and translator. He was an energetic nationalist and saw himself very much as the conscience of Egypt, then dominated by the British. Al-‘Aqqad...
...Founder and general guide (al-murshid al-‘amm) of the Society of the Muslim Brothers (Jam‘iyyat al-Ikhwan al-Muslimun), Hasan al-Banna’ was born in October 1906 in the village of Mahmudiyya, northwest of Cairo. He was assassinated...
...Abu Ja‘far Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Salama was born in Upper Egypt in 239/853 and died in 321/933. He was an important jurist in the Hanafi tradition of Sunni Islam. Al-Tahawi lived in a time in which Egypt was very advanced politically...

Ibn Al-Daya, Ahmad Ibn Yusuf (third/ninth century)

Oliver Leaman

Oliver Leaman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky, USA. He is the author and editor of books on Islamic philosophy and philosophy in general. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...Ahmad ibn Yusuf ibn Ibrahim Abu Ja‘far came from an important political family based in Baghdad that later moved to Fustat in Cairo when their fortunes went into something of a decline. Ibn al-Daya worked on astronomy and philosophy. Few...