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Colden, Jane (1724–60)

John M. Dixon

College of Staten Island, City University of New York Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...Colden Linnaeus, Carl Garden, Alexander Farquhar, William Colden, Cadwallader Colden, Alice , a gifted botanist who lived and worked in the Hudson Valley, New York, was the first woman to publish a plant description based on the Linnaean...

Marshall, Humphry (1722–1801)

Mark G. Spencer

Brock University Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...A cousin of the much more famous naturalists John Bartram, Humphry Marshall was one of eighteenth-century America's most prolific exporters of plants and seeds to Europe and the first American-born author of a descriptive catalog...

Clayton, John (1694–1773)

Charles Boewe

Fearrington Village, NC Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...An early collector of plants in British North America, John Clayton was born in England but followed his father to Virginia about 1720. There he married, lived with his wife and their eight children on a 450-acre plantation near...

Kalm, Pehr [Peter] (1716–79)

Paula Ivaska Robbins

University of Massachusetts at Lowell (emeritus) Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...Kalm, Sandin, Johan Sandin, Anna Margaretha Sjoman Linnaeus, Carl Kalm, Pehr (or Peter) Jungström, Lars Hesselius, Gustavus Gauthier, Jean François Galissonnière, Count de la Colden, Cadwallader Bielke, Baron Sten Carl Bartram, John Barrin,...

Cutler, Manasseh (1742–1823)

Louis W. Potts

University of Missouri, Kansas City Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...Manasseh Cutler was born in Killingly, Connecticut, to a prospering farm family which traced its American roots to 1634. Urged by a tutor he went to Yale College with a cohort of neighbors and graduated in 1765. He added a Master's of Arts...
...Kerr, George George Kerr, the son of George Kerr senior, a farmer with an estate at Glenbervie in the Mearns, died in Aberdeen in 1826. He won a bursary to Marischal College, Aberdeen and entered the arts course in 1786. He attended...
...Forster, Thomas Thomas Forster was born in London on 9 November 1789 and died in Brussels on 2 February 1860. His father (a botanist, also Thomas) was an admirer of Rousseau who kept his son away from school on principle. This lack of early...

Douglas, David (1799–1834)

Marina Moskowitz

University of Glasgow Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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...The botanist David Douglas was one of the most prolific transatlantic plant collectors of his day, rivaling even the Lewis and Clark expedition in terms of the introduction of new species of North American flora. Douglas was the first...
...Boyle, Robert Hooke, Robert Robert Hooke was born on 18 July 1635 and died on 7 March 1703. The son of the Reverend Wilkins, John John Hooke of Freshwater on the Isle of Wight, and an exceptionally gifted child, he was sent after his...
...Grew, Nehemiah Nehemiah Grew was born in Mancetter, Warwickshire and died, most probably in London, on 25 March 1712. He was the son of Obadiah Grew, then a schoolmaster, later a dissenting minister who was ejected in 1662 after refusing...