Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Philosophers - Search Results
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...Pieter (also Petrus) van Musschenbroek was born in Leiden on 14 March 1692 and died there on 19 September 1761. He came from a family of instrument-makers. His father Johan had specialized in scientific instruments such as air pumps...
...Christoph Gottlieb Büttner was born in Brandenburg (now Ushakovo, Russia), about 20 kilometres south-west of Königsberg, on 10 July 1708 and died in Königsberg on 1 April 1776. He is best known as a skilled anatomist with a famous...
...Winckelmann, Johann Joachim Nicolai, Friedrich Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von Christian Ludwig von Hagedorn was born in Hamburg in 1712 and died in 1780. He studied law and began working for the Saxon electorate in 1735. In 1740, he moved...
...Wolff, Christian Mérian, Jean-Bernard Maupertuis, Pierre-Louis Moreau de Kant, Immanuel Frederick (Friedrich) II, King of ­Prussia Bernoulli, Johann [I] Jean-Bernard Mérian was born in Liestall near Basle in 1723 and died in Berlin in 1807....
...Johann Jacob Hentsch was born in Bautzen on 24 January 1723 and died in Helmstedt on 15 July 1764. He went to the Gymnasium in Bautzen and to the University of Leipzig, where he obtained the degree of Magister in 1748. He taught...
...Karl Franz von Irwing was born in Berlin on 28 November 1728 and died there on 17 December 1801. His ancestors, who were of Scottish origin, had settled in Königsberg. Irwing held high positions in the Church and school administrations. He...
...Franz Anton Mesmer was born in Iznang, a small village near Radolfzell (Lake Constance, Germany) on 23 May 1734 and died in Meersburg (Lake Constance) on 15 March 1815. The son of a game warden, he visited the Jesuit school in Constance...
...Gottlob (sometimes incorrectly spelled Gottlieb) August Tittel was born in Pirna near Dresden on 16 November 1739 and died in Karlsruhe on 16 September 1816. Tittel taught philosophy as a lecturer at the University of Jena (1760–64...
...Johann Georg Heinrich Feder was born in 1740 near Bayreuth, in the village of Schornweißach and died in Hanover in 1821. His father, Martin Heinrich Feder, was a highly educated pastor and also his first teacher at school. In 1757, Feder...
...Friedrich Riedel died in 1785 in a hospital in Vienna. He was the son of a minister in Wisselbach, near Erfurt, and studied jurisprudence and philosophy in Jena, Leipzig and Halle. He obtained the Magister of philosophy at the Winckelmann...